It was only much later that Columbus was portrayed as a great man who fought against the ignorance of his age to discover the new world. This vividly written and authoritative book shows, for instance, that native Americans did not take the conquistadors for gods and that small numbers of vastly outnumbered Spaniards did not bring down great empires with stunning rapidity.
The book offers a fresh account of the activities of the best-known conquistadors and explorers, Cortés, including Columbus, and Pizarro. Using a wide array of sources, historian Matthew Restall highlights seven key myths, uncovering the source of the inaccuracies and exploding the fallacies and misconceptions behind each myth.
This and other factors, not the supposed superiority of the Spaniards, made conquests possible. The conquest, restall shows, was more complex--and more fascinating--than conventional histories have portrayed it. Here is an intriguing exploration of the ways in which the history of the Spanish Conquest has been misread and passed down to become popular knowledge of these events.
Another popular misconception--that the Conquistadors worked alone--is shattered by the revelation that vast numbers of black and native allies joined them in a conflict that pitted native Americans against each other. Seven myths of the spanish Conquest offers a richer and more nuanced account of a key event in the history of the Americas.
We discover that columbus was correctly seen in his lifetime--and for decades after--as a briefly fortunate but unexceptional participant in efforts involving many southern Europeans.
1493: Uncovering the New World Columbus Created
Eight decades after Columbus, a Spaniard named Legazpi succeeded where Columbus had failed. Mann shows, the Columbian Exchange underlies much of subsequent human history. Much as columbus created a new world biologically, Legazpi and the Spanish empire he served created a new world economically. As charles C.
He sailed west to establish continual trade with China, then the richest, most powerful country in the world. Earthworms, and viruses; rats of every description—all of them rushed like eager tourists into lands that had never seen their like before, dandelions, mosquitoes, and cockroaches; honeybees, and African grasses; bacteria, fungi, changing lives and landscapes across the planet.
Isolated from each other, the two halves of the world developed radically different suites of plants and animals. More important, creatures the colonists knew nothing about hitched along for the ride. It was the first time that goods and people from every corner of the globe were connected in a single worldwide exchange.
The columbian exchange, chocolates in Switzerland, is the reason there are tomatoes in Italy, as researchers call it, oranges in Florida, and chili peppers in Thailand. In such encounters, he uncovers the germ of today’s fiercest political disputes, from immigration to trade policy to culture wars. In 1493, charles mann gives us an eye-opening scientific interpretation of our past, unequaled in its authority and fascination.
In manila, silver from the americas, a city Legazpi founded, mined by African and Indian slaves, was sold to Asians in return for silk for Europeans.
War and Peace and War: The Rise and Fall of Empires
He demonstrates that high levels of cooperation are found where people have to band together to fight off a common enemy, and that this kind of cooperation led to the formation of the Roman and Russian empires, and the United States. But as empires grow, the rich get richer and the poor get poorer, conflict replaces cooperation, and dissolution inevitably follows.
In war and peace and war, peter turchin uses his expertise in evolutionary biology to offer a bold new theory about the course of world history. Turchin argues that the key to the formation of an empire is a society’s capacity for collective action. Eloquently argued and rich with historical examples, War and Peace and War offers a bold new theory about the course of world history with implications for nations today.
When Montezuma Met Cortes: The True Story of the Meeting that Changed History
This introduction—the prelude to the spanish seizure of Mexico City and to European colonization of the mainland of the Americas—has long been the symbol of Cortés’s bold and brilliant military genius. A dramatic rethinking of the encounter between montezuma and hernando cortés that completely overturns what we know about the Spanish conquest of the AmericasOn November 8, the Aztec emperor, the Spanish conquistador Hernando Cortés first met Montezuma, 1519, at the entrance to the capital city of Tenochtitlan.
As restall takes us through this sweeping, revisionist account of a pivotal moment in modern civilization, indeed, and, he calls into question our view of the history of the Americas, of history itself. . Drawing on rare primary sources and overlooked accounts by conquistadors and Aztecs alike, step by step, Restall explores Cortés’s and Montezuma’s posthumous reputations, and the worlds in which they lived—leading, their achievements and failures, to a dramatic inversion of the old story.
Montezuma, on the other hand, is remembered as a coward who gave away a vast empire and touched off a wave of colonial invasions across the hemisphere. But is this really what happened? in a departure from traditional tellings, When Montezuma Met Cortés uses “the Meeting”—as Restall dubs their first encounter—as the entry point into a comprehensive reevaluation of both Cortés and Montezuma.
Peoples and Empires: A Short History of European Migration, Exploration, and Conquest, from Greece to the Present Modern Library Chronicles Series Book 6
It’s the history of how conquerors justified conquest, and how colonists and the colonized changed each other beyond all recognition. Written by one of the world’s foremost historians of human migration, ” culture and nature, the British—and their colonies, civilization and barbarism, and the back-and-forth between “us” and “them, the Spanish, Peoples and Empires is the story of the great European empires—the Roman, the French, the center and the periphery.
Paul Revere's Ride
In the days that followed, paul Revere led a new battle-- for public opinion--which proved even more decisive than the fighting itself. When the alarm-riders of april 18 took to the streets, they did not cry, "the British are coming, " for most of them still believed they were British. Now one of the foremost american historians offers the first serious look at the events of the night of April 18, 1775--what led up to it, what really happened, and what followed--uncovering a truth far more remarkable than the myths of tradition.
In paul revere's ride, david hackett Fischer fashions an exciting narrative that offers deep insight into the outbreak of revolution and the emergence of the American republic. Drawing on intensive new research, Fischer reveals a clash very different from both patriotic and iconoclastic myths. He had an uncanny gift for being at the center of events, and the author follows him to Lexington Green--setting the stage for a fresh interpretation of the battle that began the war.
For george washington, john adams, and Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson, the news of Lexington was their revolutionary Rubicon. Revere ranged widely through the complex world of Boston's revolutionary movement--from organizing local mechanics to mingling with the likes of John Hancock and Samuel Adams. Within a day, many began to think differently.
In the afternoon, the american officers switched tactics, forging a ring of fire around the retreating enemy which they maintained for several hours--an extraordinary feat of combat leadership. When the fateful night arrived, more than sixty men and women joined him on his task of alarm--an operation Revere himself helped to organize and set in motion.
The Broken Spears 2007 Revised Edition: The Aztec Account of the Conquest of Mexico
These texts bear witness to the extraordinary vitality of an oral tradition that preserves the viewpoints of the vanquished instead of the victors. León-portilla's new Postscript reflects upon the critical importance of these unexpected historical accounts. In this new and updated edition of his classic The Broken Spears, León-Portilla has included accounts from native Aztec descendants across the centuries.
For hundreds of years, the history of the conquest of Mexico and the defeat of the Aztecs has been told in the words of the Spanish victors. Miguel león-portilla has long been at the forefront of expanding that history to include the voices of indigenous peoples.
Latin America in Colonial Times
Few milestones in human history are as dramatic and momentous as the meeting of three great civilizations on American soil in the sixteenth century. From the dawn of empires in the fifteenth century, to the end of empire in the nineteenth, through the conquest age of the sixteenth, Latin America in Colonial Times combines broad brush strokes with the anecdotal details that bring the era to life.
. The authors give equal attention to the Spanish and Portuguese conquerors and settlers, to the African slaves they brought across the Atlantic and to the indigenous peoples whose lands were invaded. Latin america in colonial times presents that story in an engaging but scholarly new package, revealing how a new civilization – Latin America – emerged from that encounter.
The Unredeemed Captive: A Family Story from Early America
There, in february 1704, a french and Indian war party descended on the village of Deerfield, abducting a Puritan minister and his children. Although john williams was eventually released, his daughter horrified the family by staying with her captors and marrying a Mohawk husband. Out of this incident, french, the bancroft prize-winning historian John Devos has constructed a gripping narrative that opens a window into North America where English, and Native Americans faced one another across gilfs of culture and belief, and sometimes crossed over.
Nominated for the national Book Award and winner of the Francis Parkman Prize. The setting for this haunting and encyclopedically researched work of history is colonial Massachusetts, where English Puritans first endeavoured to "civilize" a "savage" native populace.
Americanos: Latin America's Struggle for Independence Pivotal Moments in World History
Proceeding almost cinematically, john charles Chasteen introduces the reader to lead players, key events, basic concepts, braided together in a single, and dominant trends, scene by vivid scene, taut narrative. He vividly depicts the individuals and events of those tumultuous years, the clashes of troops and decisions of leaders, capturing the gathering forces for independence, and the rich, elaborate tapestry of Latin American societies as they embraced nationhood.
A premier volume in oxford's pivotal Moments in World History series, Americanos offers an engagingly written, compact history of the Latin American wars of independence.
American Nations: A History of the Eleven Rival Regional Cultures of North America
American nations is a revolutionary and revelatory take on America's myriad identities and how the conflicts between them have shaped our past and are molding our future. He illustrates and explains why “American” values vary sharply from one region to another. Subsequent immigrants didn't confront or assimilate into an “American” or “Canadian” culture, but rather into one of the eleven distinct regional ones that spread over the continent each staking out mutually exclusive territory.
In american nations, colin woodard leads us on a journey through the history of our fractured continent, and the rivalries and alliances between its component nations, which conform to neither state nor international boundaries. Woodard author of american character: a history of the epic struggle between individual Liberty and the Common Good reveals how intranational differences have played a pivotal role at every point in the continent's history, from the American Revolution and the Civil War to the tumultuous sixties and the "blue county/red county" maps of recent presidential elections.
An illuminating history of North America's eleven rival cultural regions that explodes the red state-blue state myth. North america was settled by people with distinct religious, political, and ethnographic characteristics, creating regional cultures that have been at odds with one another ever since.